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GST Implication on Pre-package and Labelled Food Items

Vide Notification no.6/2022-Central Tax (Rate) dated 13th July, 2022, GST is made applicable when food items supplied are pre-packed and labelled irrespective of the fact whether branded or not.

Before such amendment tax was levied on such goods if they were put up in unit container and:


  •  Bearing a registered brand name; or
  • Bearing a brand name on which actionable claim or enforceable right in court of law is available [other than those where any actionable claim or any enforceable right in respect of such brand name has been voluntarily foregone].
  • Thus, for better understanding of GST applicability, we have to understand what is covered/not covered or exempts under “pre-packaged and pre-labelled products” for which we have to take reference of Legal Metrology Act, 2009 and rules made thereunder.
  • In order to be considered a product as “pre-packaged and labelled”, the following two conditions are to be fulfilled:
    1. It shall fall under the definition of “pre-packaged commodity” under Section 2(l) of Legal Metrology Act, 2009.
    2. The package bears the declarations under the provisions of the Legal Metrology Act and the rules made thereunder.
  • As per section 2(l) of Legal Metrology Act, 2009 pre-packaged commodity means a commodity which without the purchaser being present is placed in package of whatever nature, whether sealed or not, so that the product contained therein has a predetermined quantity.


Requirement of Declaration:

    • Section 18 of Legal Metrology Act, 2009 said that:
      – No person shall manufacture, pack, sell, import, distribute, deliver, offer, expose or possess for sale any pre-packaged commodity unless such package is in such standard quantities or number and bears thereon such declarations and particulars in such manner as may be prescribed.- Any advertisement mentioning the retail sale price of a pre-packaged commodity shall contain a declaration as to the net quantity or number of the commodity contained in the package in such form and manner as may be prescribed.


    • So, every pre-packaged retail pack should bear declarations required as per rules.


    • Rule 3 and 26 of Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules 2011 provides the following to which Chapter II shall not apply:
      – packages of commodities containing quantity of more than 25 kg or 25 litre excluding cement and fertilizer sold in bags up to 50 kg; and packaged commodities meant for industrial consumers or institutional consumers.- the net weight or measure of the commodity is ten grams or ten millilitre or less, if sold by weight or measure;
      *Provided that the declaration in respect of maximum retail price and net quantity shall be declared on packages containing 10g to 20g or 10ml to 20ml.- any package containing fast food items packed by restaurant or hotel and the like;

      – agricultural farm produces in packages of above 50 kg.

      – it contains scheduled formulations and non-scheduled formulations covered under the Drugs (Price Control) Order,1995 made under section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (10 of 1955).


  • As per Rule 6 of Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules 2011, certain mandatory declarations have to be made on every package, which are:- Name and address of the manufacturer/ Packer/ Importer.- Common or generic name of the commodity contained in the package- Net quantity in terms of standard unit of weight or measure in number.

    – Month and year of manufacture/ Pack/ Import

    – Retail sale price in the form of Maximum Retail Price (MRP)

    – Consumer Care details.


Thus, from above paragraphs we can understand that certain specific goods which are pre-packed up to 25 kgs or 25 litres and having declarations as required to be made are subject to GST.


For more clarification refer FAQ issued by CBIC


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